Inclusion, as one of the general objectives for urban policies backed by european funds, is defined in reference to its opposite, exclusion, and other related terms such as segregation, marginalization, stigmatization, discrimination. Can we really address issues of urban poverty and social injustice from this dualistic approach? In a city like Brussels, what can be the possible impact of the socio-spatial interventions planned in the ERDF program on the condition of poor individuals and households ?
The stakes for those in MLB working on this line of research will be to develop a reflexive, realistic and processual conception of the inclusive achievements of a specific project, or the ERDF program as a whole. Rather than to accept a priori the dualistic opposition between "the included" and "the excluded", we will have to look closely at the urban situations addressed by the projects, to clarify the kind of problems they raise and to scrutinize the publics which are directly/indirectly related to these problems and their consequences.
Because these publics are themselves reflexive and expressive on their situation/problems, we will also have to consider their own conception of what inclusion is or ought to be.